This page aims to be a more or less comprehensive list of films that have had some sort of involvement or input from Akira Kurosawa, but which are not usually considered part of the official canon. This includes Kurosawa’s own documentary films, films on which he worked as an assistant director, those he wrote screenplays for, as well as films for which he worked as an editor or producer. I have indicated availability status for each film based on my own research.
Note that films remade from Kurosawa’s works, or films directly influenced by his works, are listed on the remakes and films influenced by Kurosawa page and not here. However, films remade from films that originally used Kurosawa’s script, are listed here. The reasoning is that while they are not remakes of Kurosawa’s films, they make use of a script written by Kurosawa.
Those Who Make Tomorrow (明日を創る人々 / Asu o tsukuru hitobito, 1946)
Often listed as part of Kurosawa’s own works, Those Who Make Tomorrow was actually directed by Akira Kurosawa, Hideo Sekigawa and Kajiro Yamamoto. Kurosawa, who was practically forced to take part in the making of the film, never considered it as part of his own works, and therefore neither shall we.
The film, which was shot in a week, was made to promote Toho’s workers’ union, who went on strike shortly before the release of the film demanding better working conditions and better wage security. Consequently, the film is apparently little more than a propaganda piece thrown together in a hurry. It tells the story of a family who become involved in a film makers’ strike that is called in sympathy with striking railroad workers.
The film is practically unavailable, and according to Stuart Galbraith’s The Emperor and the Wolf (p. 65) the film has never been shown in Japan after its initial release, and was never screened in the US. Even Donald Richie has not seen the film, which probably says something about its availability.
Horse (馬 / Uma, 1941)
Sometimes considered to be part of the “Kurosawa canon”, at other times listed under films that he worked for as an assistant director (as reads in the credits), Horse is the final film for which Kurosawa directed before starting to work on his debut film as a “graduated” director himself. Although officially a film by Kajiro Yamamoto, it is generally suggested that most of the scenes in Horse were in fact directed by Kurosawa who worked independently of Yamamoto throughout most of the shooting. Kurosawa was also involved in the writing and editing of the film. Since the overall production was, however, still under Yamamoto, I have decided to list it under “co-directed” films.
The film tells the story of a poor young girl and her relationship with a horse that she raises up. Their relationship, however, comes to an end when the government orders the horse to be auction off to the army, breaking the girl’s heart and causing her to try to stop the sale.
To the best of my knowledge, Horse is not commercially available in any form or language.
The Sea Is Watching (海は見ていた / Umi wa miteita, 2002)
The second film to be directed from an unfilmed script left by Kurosawa, Kei Kumai’s The Sea Is Watching is based on a script Kurosawa was working on at the early 1990s. It is a surprisingly tender story about a prostitute who falls in love with a samurai who comes to hide in the brothel after wounding a high-ranking samurai. Kumai’s direction, while not actually trying to imitate Kurosawa’s style, pays homage to the source material well, and the result is a very pleasant viewing experience.
Dora-Heita (どら平太 , aka “Alley Cat”, 2000)
Kon Ichikawa’s film from 2000 is based on a script written by Ichikawa, Kurosawa, Masaki Kobayashi and Keisuke Kinoshita at the turn of the 1970s when the four worked together under the banner “Club of the Four Knights” (which was to go down after just one film when Dodesukaden flopped at the box office). The original idea had, according to Ichikawa, been for the four to film the script together.
Dora-Heita, or “Alley Cat”, is a comic story about a samurai who pretends to be an alcoholic magistrate in order to carry out a daiyo’s order to clean up a corrupt town. The story and style consequently somewhat resembles that of Kurosawa’s earlier films Yojimbo and Sanjuro. Yet, the overall execution seems somewhat uneven to me, and I would say that the main interest for a Kurosawa fan lies in the story.
After the Rain (雨あがる / Ame agaru, 2000)
The first film that was directed from an unfilmed Kurosawa script after his death, Ame agaru was made by people close to Kurosawa at the time of his death. Not only was the film directed by Takashi Koizumi who worked as an assistant director on Kurosawa’s films starting from Kagemusha, but also the rest of the cast and the crew was filled by the Kurosawa gang. Even Toshiro Mifune’s son Shiro Mifune makes an appearance, as does Tatsuya Nakadai and a number of other Kurosawa regulars.
The film itself is about a masterless samurai (played by Akira Terao, who had also appeared in Kurosawa’s films from Ran onwards) who with his wife becomes stranded by rains at a country inn, all for the amazement of the local residents. The samurai’s skills with the sword comes to the attention of a local lord, who hires him as a fencing instructor, causing friction within the castle. While not quite a masterpiece, Ame agaru is still an excellent film well worth watching.
The Japanese DVD release of the film comes with English subtitles, and is available for example at Amazon.co.jp.
Runaway Train (1985)
Based on the script “Runaway Train” that Kurosawa wrote in the 1960s for a film that was supposed to become his Hollywood debut, but which was later cancelled due to various problems. Since the rights stayed in the US, it was only a matter of time that the film would be made without Kurosawa’s involvement. The film came out in 1985 and was helmed by Russian director Andrei Konchalovsky.
The action-packed story is about a runaway train that is accidentally boarded by two escaped convicts and a female railroad worker. We follow their struggle inside the train, as well as the actions of those trying to stop the train, and catch the escapees. It is a fairly well-made action film, which still has a few traces of Kurosawa in it. Do not expect a master work, but expect a good experience.
Tora! Tora! Tora! (1970)
Kurosawa’s involvement in Tora! Tora! Tora! is fairly well documented in most biographies about him, so I won’t go into details here. Kurosawa co-wrote the script for the Japanese parts of the film, and parts of his script were apparently retained even after he was dropped from the project. There is talk that a new DVD edition of the film will include among its extras material shot by Kurosawa. The Japanese half of the film was ultimately directed by Kinji Fukasaku and Toshio Masuda.
Sanshiro Sugata (姿三四郎 / Sugata Sanshiro, 1965)
Kurosawa re-adapted his original Sanshiro Sugata scripts and produced and edited this remake which was directed by Seiichiro Uchikawa. Kurosawa had originally planned to film the remake himself, but decided to give it to Uchikawa due to the financial and schedule pressures imposed by his work on Red Beard. The film was a commercial success and a critical failure.
It seems that the film has been released on home video at some point, but it appears to be unavailable these days.
Jakoman and Tetsu (ジャコ万と鉄 / Jakoman to Tetsu, 1964)
This is a remake of the 1949 film of the same name, for which Kurosawa provided the screenplay with Senkichi Taniguchi. Directed this time around by Kinji Fukasaku, Jakoman and Tetsu is a story of a one-eyed criminal Jakoman who terrorises the inhabitants of a fishing town until a young man called Tetsu decides to confront him.
Fencing Master (殺陣師段平 / Tateshi Danpei, 1962)
Harumi Mizuho’s remake of the 1950 film for which Kurosawa wrote the screenplay from Kōen Hasegawa’s 1949 play of the same name. The story, set in the late 1910s, centres on the titular Danpei Tateshi, a very typical Kurosawa hero in as much as he is headstrong, somewhat childlike and so concentrated on what he does that he fails to pay proper attention to the people close to him. Although called a fencing master, he is actually not working a martial arts instructor but a theatre choreographer who has made a name for himself by arranging swordfighting scenes. As he is getting older, he is finding himself out of demand with his formal style at a time when the tastes of directors and audiences are changing and calling for a more realistic and graphic approach to fighting scenes. Not only is the fencing master finding it difficult to adjust to these new requirements, but he is literally unable to grasp the meaning of the foreign term realism or understand what is meant by the “graphicality” of performance.
Fencing Master is available as part of Australian Madman Entertainment’s Kurosawa – Samurai Classics II box set, but not individually.
Saga of the Vagabonds (戦国群盗伝 / Sengoku gunto-den, 1959)
Directed by Toshio Sugie. After Kurosawa’s commercial success with The Hidden Fortress, Toho wanted another similar film from him. While Kurosawa was not interested in directing one himself, he wrote Saga of the Vagabonds based on a 1937 screenplay by Sadao Yamanaka, which in turn had been based on a story by Juro Miyoshi. Kurosawa had worked as an assistant director for the 1937 version.
While I have not seen the film, Galbraith describes it as “a kind of Japanese Robin Hood” (268), with Toshiro Mifune as the bandit. See Galbraith for a longer plot description.
The film was apparently released on VHS with English subtitles, but is difficult to come by these days.
Advance Patrol (日露戦争勝利の秘史 敵中横断三百里 / Nichiro sensô shôri no hishi: Tekichû ôdan sanbyaku-ri, 1957)
Kurosawa wrote the script (as Three Hundred Miles Through Enemy Lines, a name that is retained in the film’s Japanese title) for Daei in 1942, some time before Sanshiro Sugata, but it was only in 1957 that the studio decided to produce it, with Kazuo Mori directing. Galbraith reports that Kurosawa was not entirely happy with the finished film. (254-255)
What is perhaps noteworthy is Galbraith’s suggestion that Advance Patrol, together with The Men Who Tread on the Tiger’s Tail, formed the raw ingredients from which Kurosawa went on to write The Hidden Fortress (released in 1958).
Hiba Arborvitae Story (あすなろ物語 / Asunaro monogatari, 1955)
also edited by Kurosawa
Very little information is available about this film, apart from the fact that it was edited by Kurosawa, who also did the screenplay from Yasushi Inoue’s original story. The work was directed by Hiromichi Horikawa. It doesn’t seem to be available for purchase.
Vanished Enlisted Man (消えた中隊 / Kieta chutai, 1955)
Another film with very little information available. Directed by Akira Mimura, and written by urosawa and Ryuzo Kikushima from Masato Ide’s original story. Unavailable on home video.
My Wonderful Yellow Car (吹けよ春風 / Fukeyo haru kaze, 1953)
Co-written with Senkichi Taniguchi, who also directed the film. Unavailable.
Vagabonds in a Country at War (戦国無頼 / Sengoku burai, 1952)
Written with director Hiroshi Inagaki and also known in English as Sword for Hire, this is a period film that that involves two love triangles and plenty of fighting. Copies can be found in Asian online shops (Google either Sengoku burai or Vagabonds in a Country at War) as well as from eBay.
Vendetta of a Samurai (荒木又右衛門 決闘鍵屋の辻 / Araki Mataemon: Kettô kagiya no tsuji, 1952)
Directed by Kazuo Mori. Renowned samurai Matemon Araki, played by Toshiro Mifune, helps a young swordsman to find revenge.
Available on DVD, try for instance samuraidvd.com.
The Den of Beasts (獣の宿 / Kedamono no yado, 1951)
Directed by Tatsuyasu Osone and adapted by Kurosawa from Shinya Fujiwara’s short story “The Rose on the Lake” (“Mizumi nobara”).
Released on VHS in the 1990s, but now unavailable.
Beyond Love and Hate (愛と憎しみの彼方へ / Ai to nikushimi no kanata e, 1951)
Directed by Senkichi Taniguchi, who also co-wrote the film with Kurosawa from Kotaro Samukawa’s story “Fugitive”. Tells the story of a convict who escapes from prison believing that his wife is being unfaithful to him.
Appears to be unavailable.
Fencing Master (殺陣師段平 / Tateshi Danpei, 1950)
Directed by Masahiro Makino. Kurosawa adapted the screenplay for this film from a 1949 play by Kōen Hasegawa. The story, set in the late 1910s, centres on the titular Danpei Tateshi, a very typical Kurosawa hero in as much as he is headstrong, somewhat childlike and so concentrated on what he does that he fails to pay proper attention to the people close to him. Although called a fencing master, he is actually not working a martial arts instructor but a theatre choreographer who has made a name for himself by arranging swordfighting scenes. As he is getting older, he is finding himself out of demand with his formal style at a time when the tastes of directors and audiences are changing and calling for a more realistic and graphic approach to fighting scenes. Not only is the fencing master finding it difficult to adjust to these new requirements, but he is literally unable to grasp the meaning of the foreign term realism or understand what is meant by the “graphicality” of performance.
Fencing Master has been released in Japan, but has no English subtitles. It can be purchased from Amazon.co.jp. The 1962 remake has been released on DVD with English subtitles (see above).
Tetsu of Jilba (ジルバの鉄 / Jiruba no Tetsu, 1950)
Directed by Isamu Kosugi and written by Kurosawa and Goro Tanada from stories by Tokuzō Kajino.
Quite little information is available about Tetsu of Jilba. It would seem, however, that it was written as a response to the success of the 1949 gangster film Jakoman and Tetsu. Although the 1950 film was a more modestly sized and received production, it was certainly not made without acting talent as veteran actor Utaemon Ichikawa took the top billing, while Takashi Shimura also appeared in a role. It was actor-turned-director Isamu Kosugi’s eighth film as a director in little over two years since the beginning of his directorial career that would last until 1965 and cover almost seventy films. He also appeared in close to two hundred films as an actor.
Tetsu of Jilba is very much unavailable on any home video format.
Escape at Dawn (暁の脱走 / Akatsuki no dasso, 1950)
Directed by Senkichi Taniguchi, and written by Kurosawa and Taniguchi from Taijiro Tamura’s novel The Story of a Prostitute.
Escape at Dawn is a World War II film which follows a tragic affair between a Japanese soldier, Mikami, and a Chinese prostitute, Harumi. During the Manchurian campaign, Mikami is captured by the Chinese and although he is able to escape and return to his unit, he is treated with contempt by his peers for having been taken by the enemy. Mikami falls in love with Harumi, who tries to convince him to desert from the army, with tragic results.
The film stars Ryō Ikebe and Shirley Yamaguchi, the latter also starring in Kurosawa’s Scandal which came out a few months after Escape at Dawn. The writing of the film was difficult, as many adjustments had to be made to the script due to American censorship.
Jakoman and Tetsu (ジャコ萬と鉄 / Jakoman to Tetsu, 1949)
Directed by Senkichi Taniguchi, who also co-wrote the film with Kurosawa from stories by Tokuzō Kajino. Jakoman and Tetsu is a story of a one-eyed criminal Jakoman who terrorises the inhabitants of a fishing town until a young fisherman called Tetsu decides to confront him. The film stars the at the time up-and-coming Toshirō Mifune as Tetsu, while the role of Jakoman is played by Ryūnosuke Tsukigata, who had appeared in both of Kurosawa’s Sanshiro Sugata films. Other former and future Kurosawa regulars also make appearances.
Unavailable on home video, but the 1964 remake is available (see above).
The Lady from Hell (地獄の貴婦人 / Jigoku no kifujin, 1949)
Written by Kurosawa and Motosada Nishiki and directed by Motoyoshi Oda. Unavailable.
The Portrait (肖像 / Shozo, 1948)
Written by Kurosawa and directed by Keisuke Kinoshita. Unavailable on home video.
Snow Trail (銀嶺の果て / Ginrei no hate, 1947)
Three bank robbers flee to the mountains where they befriend unsuspecting locals who do not know what they are dealing with and agree to lead them over the mountains. Written by Kurosawa and Senkichi Taniguchi, who also directed the film. Notable for being Toshiro Mifune’s first film.
Four Love Stories (四つの恋の物語 / Yottsu no koi no monogatari, 1947)
Kurosawa wrote the segment “Hatsukoi” (“Puppy love”) for this film that consists of four love stories and was directed by Kajirô Yamamoto, Kenta Yamazaki, Teinosuke Kinugasa, Mikio Naruse and Shiro Toyoda, the last of whom helmed Kurosawa’s part.
Unavailable on home video.
Bravo! Tebare Ishin (天晴れ一心太助 / Appare Ishin Tasuke, 1945)
Written by Kurosawa for Kiyoshi Saeki. Unavailable.
Wrestling-Ring Festival (土俵祭 / Dohyosai, 1944)
Written by Kurosawa from Hikojiro Suzuki’s story and directed by Santaro Marune. Set in the late 19th century when sumo wrestling was going out of fashion, the story follows a young sumo disciple.
The film has been released in Japan without English subtitles. Try Amazon.co.jp.
The Triumphant Song of the Wings (翼の凱歌 / Tsubasa no gaika, 1942)
A war film directed by Satsuo Yamamoto and written by Kurosawa and Bonhei Sotoyama.
Available in Japan without English subtitles. Try Amazon.co.jp.
Wind Currents of Youth (青春の気流 / Seishun no kiryu, 1942)
Directed by Osamu Fushimizu and written by Kurosawa from Jun Minamikawa’s original stories.
Appears to be unavailable on home video.
CHIEF ASSISTANT DIRECTOR
To the best of my knowledge, none of the following film are available in any form. They were all directed by Kajiro Yamamoto save for Subterranean Heat, which was directed by Eisuke Takizawa.
Songoku (Volumes 1 & 2) (エノケンの孫悟空 / Enoken no songokû: songokû zenko-hen, 1940)
Enoken’s Cropped Hair (エノケンのざんぎり金太 / Enoken no zangiri Kinta, 1940)
Roppa’s Honeymoon (ロッパの新婚旅行 / Roppa no shinkon ryoko, 1940)
Easy Alley (のんき横丁 / Nonki Yokocho, 1939)
Chushingura (Part Two) (忠臣蔵 後篇 / Chushingura: Kohen, 1939)
Enoken’s Shrewd Period (エノケンのがっちり時代 / Enoken no gatchiri jidai, 1939)
Enoken’s Surprising Life (エノケンのびっくり人生 / Enoken no bikkuri jinsei, 1938)
Composition Class (綴方教室 / Tsuzurikata kyoshitsu, 1938)
Tojuro’s Love (藤十郎の恋 / Tojuro no koi, 1938)
Subterranean Heat (地熱 / Chinetsu, 1938)
The Beautiful Hawk (美しき鷹 / Utsukushiki taka, 1937)
THIRD ASSISTANT DIRECTOR
Fairly little information is available about these works. To the best of my knowledge, none of them are available in any home video format.
Enoken’s Chikiri Kinta Part 2: Returning Is Scary, But the Weather Will Clear If You Wait (エノケンのちゃっきり金太 後篇 第三話 帰りは怖いの巻 第四話 まてば日和の巻 / Enoken no chakkiri Kinta ‘Go’, kaeri wa kowai, mateba hiyori, 1937)
Enoken’s Chikiri Kinta Part 1 – Momma, the Hat – The Nice Way (前篇 第一話 まゝよ三度笠の巻 第二話 行きはよいよいの巻 / Enoken no chakkiri Kinta ‘Zen’ – Mamayo sandogasa – Ikiwa yoiyoi, 1937)
Avalanche (雪崩 / Nadare, 1937)
Japanese Women’s Textbook (日本女性読本 / Nihon josei dokuhon, 1937)
A Husband’s Chastity: Fall Again (良人の貞操 後篇 秋ふたたび / Otto no teiso – aki futatabi, 1937)
A Husband’s Chastity: If Spring Comes (良人の貞操 前篇 春来れば / Otto no teiso – haru kitareba, 1937)
Saga of the Vagabonds, Part Two: Forward at Dawn (戦国群盗伝 後篇 暁の前進 / Sengoku gunto-den – Dai nibu Akatsuki no zenshin, 1937)
Saga of the Vagabonds, Part One: Tiger-wolf (戦国群盗伝 前篇 虎狼 / Sengoku gunto-den – Dai ichibu Toraokami, 1936)
Tokyo Rhapsody (東京ラプソディ / Tokyo rapusodi, 1936)
Enoken’s Ten Millions Sequel (続エノケンの千万長者 / Zoku Enoken no senman choja, 1936)
Enoken’s Ten Millions (エノケンの千万長者 / Enoken no senman choja, 1936)
Paradise of the Virgin Flowers (処女花園 / Shojo Hanazono, 1936)
Spring Flirtation (春の戯れ / Haru no tawamure, 1949)
A Kajiro Yamamoto film.
The Legacy of the 500,000 (五十万人の遺産 / Gojuman-nin no isan, 1963)
“Legacy” is the only film directed by Toshiro Mifune, who asked Kurosawa to help him with the editing of the final film. It is a thriller set after the Second World War involving a gold treasure that has been buried in the Philippines during the war, and whose location Mifune’s own character knows. While he would like to return the money to the Japanese people, two brothers who kidnap him and force him to take them to the treasure have other ideas.
The film is available on VHS in Japan, and can be purchased for example at Amazon.co.jp.